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Variable Air Volume Control Dampers

  • XC-12

  • Xicheng

  • 8481804090

What is a variable air volume system?

VAV stands for Variable Air Volume. In its simplest form, variable air volume use varying airflow at a constant temperature to heat and cool buildings. This is opposite of a CAV (or Constant Air Volume) system, which supplies consistent air flow at varying temperatures to heat or cool a space.

How does a variable air volume control dampers work?

Let’s break down an example of how a VAV system works. An Air Handling Unit (AHU) pushes air into the duct system at roughly 55 degrees Fahrenheit for cooling. The air temperature stays constant in the system, moving through the ductwork to each zone or room of the building. The air eventually goes to the end of each line where it passes through a VAV box. Typically, a VAV box consists of a few simple parts: the damper, the controller/actuator, and perhaps a coil for heating and cooling via electricity or water pumps.

VAV system

As the air passes through these boxes the actuator modulates the damper position which allows different amounts of airflow into the zone. Each VAV box modulates according to the needs of individual zones, meaning it can easily accommodate high demand in one area and low in another, maintaining comfort for everyone. Additionally, if a damper closes completely, the added system pressure allows the AHU’s fans to slow down, reducing energy use. Or using a bypass damper in the middle of the system, increased pressure could trigger that damper to open, relieving system strain into addition ducts or an exterior vent.

This added control via variable air volume control dampers brings some benefits:

  1. Precise temperature control

  2. Reduced compressor wear

  3. Lower energy consumption

  4. Less noise

  5. Additional passive dehumidification



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