Views: 11 Author: China xicheng Publish Time: 2021-04-27 Origin: China xicheng
The development of science and the adoption of advanced technology have made the industry develop exceptionally rapidly. If industrial production is not well managed, it will severely impact the environment, including the destruction of the ecological environment, the destruction of mineral resources, and environmental pollution.
The impact of the three industrial wastes
Environmental problems are caused by economic development, and environmental pollution is primarily driven by industrial development. The discharge of industrial waste gas, wastewater, and waste residues will all pollute the environment. Also, industrial noise is one of the primary sources of noise pollution, mainly from blowers, motors loom, and other machinery in the plastics and light textile industries.
Influence of industry type
The impact of industry on environmental pollution is reflected in the type of industry. The development of high-tech industries has fewer emissions of three wastes. The specific ecological breakdown of electronic appliances and machinery industries is relatively small, while papermaking, weaving and dyeing, electroplating, leather, building materials, and chemicals are relatively small. , Plastics, etc., have significant environmental pollution. Papermaking, textile, and leather wastewater contain many organic pollutants; electroplating wastewater contains a lot of heavy metal pollutants such as Cr, Ni, Cu, Zn, and building materials such as dust pollution in cement plants, ceramic plants, and bricks. The waste gas pollution of the tile factory is more prominent. The three industrial wastes cause pollution accidents from time to time.
Destruction of the ecological environment
Ecological resources include solar energy, water, soil, and so on. Take the destruction of water resources as an example. The total water volume of the earth's surface is 1.3 billion cubic meters, fresh water only accounts for 3%, and the freshwater directly available to human beings is less than 1% of the total. Due to the unplanned exploitation of groundwater and production and daily life, Due to a large amount of water flow, the groundwater level in major cities worldwide has dropped all over the world. For example, in Milan, Italy, the groundwater level has fallen by 20 meters in 10 years. The drop in groundwater level can cause the ground subsidence of big cities. For example, Tokyo, Japan, has sunk more than 4 meters in recent years. Shanghai and the western suburbs of Beijing also have different degrees of ground subsidence.
Destruction of mineral resources
Mineral resources are also called non-renewable resources, including coal, oil, natural gas, and various other mineral deposits. The reserves of these Zidons on the earth are limited and can only be enjoyed by humanity for a few centuries. However, the uneven distribution and the predatory exploitation and immorality of these mineral resources by human beings has caused a crisis of energy accumulation. Some mineral resources are close to thirst. The energy stacking crisis is a huge problem faced by all countries in the world today. Therefore, comprehensive measures must be taken to develop and utilize mineral resources rationally to give full play to the maximum effectiveness of limited resources and reduce pollution.
A critical issue between humans and the environment is the Wanchao caused by the collision of human production and consumption activities. Due to the development of the industrial output, the massive use of coal, rock, natural gas, and other energy materials has caused a sharp increase in the waste gas, liquid waste, and slag (usually the three wastes) produced in the production process. At present, there are as many as hundreds of artificially synthesized sail objects, including agricultural and commercial, and chemical resistance. These substances are continuously released into the environment by piles of mines. Without scientific treatment, the accumulation of these substances eventually surpasses the ecosystem's self-seeing ability, causing environmental pollution and destroying the ecological balance. Environmental pollution involves many aspects, such as air, soil, water, sound, food, etc.